The spatial model in resolution 32x32x32 cubes used in the simulation was derived from CT-scans.
During an open heart surgery with forced topical cooling the cooling liquid is kept at the same temperature of 0.2oC using a special cooling device. By keeping the constant temperature of the cooling liquid the heart is cooled faster than without forced topical cooling, but some tissues may get damaged. The initial temperatures were the following:
During an open heart surgery without forced topical cooling the initial temperature of the cooling liquid is 0.2oC, but it is later during the surgery influenced by surrounding tissues. In this case the cooling of the heart is much less effective than with forced topical cooling. The initial temperatures were the following: